BUGATTI (Germany/France) 1909 - l956
After nearly ten years of working for firms such as De Dietrich, Mathis and
Deutz, Ettore Bugatti established himself in his own premises at Molsheim,
He started with the ohc four-cylinder Type 13 of 1327cc.
One of his early successes was the "Bébé", made by Peugeot to Bugatti's
design. Pre-war, he also built fours of 1368cc and 5027cc, first with 8,
later with 16, valves. In 1913 there was a 2906cc straight-eight.
came the first production eight-cylinder 1990cc Type 30. It was in 1924 that
Ettore presented the archetypal Bugatti, the eight-cylinder Type 35 of
1990cc, subsequently developed into versions such as the 35A (1990cc) and
the 35B (2261cc) or the 39A (1492cc): all were supercharged. To meet
popular demand, Bugatti also evolved sports models with a 1496cc
four-cylinder engine. The four-cylinder Type 40 and eight-cylinder
Type 43 were also good sports cars.
On the touring car front, Bugatti
made the excellent Type 44 (3 litres) and the Type 46 (5.3 litres). He
also made the fabulous Royales, whose engines (eight-cylinder 12762cc)
were later used in railcars. In 1931, Bugatti's first dohc engine appeared
on the Type 51 racing with eight-cylinders displacing 2261cc. The last of
the great line of racing cars from Molsheim was the Type 59, made in 2.8
litre, 2.9 litre and 3.3 litre forms. The Type 55 was a fantastic 2.3 litre
dohc sports car. From 1934 up to the war, Bugatti made the Type 57 of
3257cc, also available in supercharged form as the 57S and 57SC.
the last of the production cars made by "le Patron", who died in 1947.
Some Type 101 models were built post-war, but Hispano-Suiza took over
the Molsheim factory to make aircraft components.